idiopathic thrombocytopenia , revolade 50mg, eltrombopag, anti cancer

REVOLADE 50 MG

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Product Description

What is in this leaflet:

This leaflet answers some common questions about REVOLADE.

It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

The information in this leaflet was last updated on the date listed on the final page. More recent information on the medicine may be available.

You should ensure that you speak to your pharmacist or doctor to obtain the most up to date information on the medicine. You can also download the most up to date leaflet from www.novartis.com.au. Those updates may contain important information about the medicine and its use of which you should be aware.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking REVOLADE against the benefits they expect it will have for you.

If you have any concerns about taking this medicine or giving it to your child, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.

What REVOLADE is used for

REVOLADE is a medicine that is used to treat a number of conditions.

Low platelet count
This is a bleeding disorder known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Patients with ITP may suffer from an increased risk of bleeding. The symptoms of ITP may include:

  • Pinpoint sized flat round red spots under the skin (petechiae)
  • Bruising (purpura)
  • Nosebleeds
  • Bleeding gums
  • Not being able to control bleeding, if cuts or injuries occur.

REVOLADE helps to increase the number of platelets, a type of blood cell that helps to reduce or prevent bleeding.

Hepatitis C virus
Many patients with HCV have low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), not only as a result of the disease but also due to some of the medicines that are used to treat the disease.

The use of REVOLADE to increase and maintain the platelet count prior to and throughout antiviral treatment of HCV infection gives patients a better opportunity to maintain the optimal the dose and duration of their antiviral therapy.

Severe aplastic anaemia
Severe aplastic anaemia, or SAA, is a blood disorder in which the bone marrow does not make enough blood cells, especially red and white blood cells and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen to tissues in the body. White blood cells fight infection and disease. Platelets help blood to clot.

The low number of blood cells puts a patient with this condition at risk of tiredness, infections, and bleeding. REVOLADE may be used to treat patients with these low blood counts.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.

Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.

This medicine is available only with a doctor’s prescription.

It is not addictive.

Before you take REVOLADE

Do not take REVOLADE if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to:

  • eltrombopag olamine, the active ingredient in REVOLADE
  • any other ingredients in REVOLADE tablets or powder for oral suspension listed at the end of this leaflet

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:

  • Shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing;
  • Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body;
  • Rash, itching or hives on the skin.

Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.

If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if you have any of the following medical conditions:

  • Liver problems – your doctor will request blood tests to check your liver function before and during treatment with REVOLADE. You may need a lower dose of REVOLADE
  • Kidney problems
  • Risk factors for thrombosis (formation of a clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood), or you know that thrombosis occurs frequently in your family
  • A history of blood cancers
  • Had or developed sensitivity to the sun
  • A history of cataracts (problems with sight)
  • Are pregnant or plan to become pregnant (see PREGNANCY & BREAST-FEEDING)
  • Are breast feeding (see PREGNANCY & BREAST-FEEDING).

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you:

  • Are taking any other medicines
  • Have taken any medicines recently, or
  • Start taking new medicines.

This includes herbal medicines and other medicines or complementary therapies you’ve bought without a prescription.

There are certain medicines, including some prescription, non-prescription medicines, and vitamins, that interact with REVOLADE.

You should not take these at the same time as REVOLADE or they may require dose adjustment while taking REVOLADE.

These medications include some products within the following groups:

  • Antacid medicines to treat stomach ulcers or heartburn
  • Certain medicines used to lower cholesterol (statins)
  • Certain drugs used to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (lopinavir / ritonavir)
  • A medicine used for transplantations or immune diseases (cyclosporin)
  • Minerals such as aluminium, calcium, iron, magnesium, selenium and zinc which may be found in mineral supplements and complementary medicines.

Your doctor will review the medicines you are currently taking to make sure you are not taking something that cannot be taken with the REVOLADE.

If you require any of these medications and a suitable substitute is not available, please discuss this with your doctor.

Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Taking REVOLADE with food and drink

REVOLADE is affected by calcium intake.

REVOLADE may be taken with food low in calcium such as:

  • Pineapple, raisins and strawberries
  • Lean ham, chicken or beef
  • Unfortified fruit juice, soy milk and grain. (Unfortified means not containing any added calcium, magnesium or iron.)

Please discuss this matter with your doctor. Your doctor will advise you on the most suitable meals to be eaten while you are taking REVOLADE.

Don’t take REVOLADE during the 2 hours before or 4 hours after you take:

  • Antacid medication to treat indigestion
  • Mineral supplements, such as aluminium, calcium, iron, magnesium, selenium or zinc, or
  • Dairy products.

If you do, the medicine will not be properly absorbed into your body.

One way to avoid issues with these products would be to take them in the morning and REVOLADE in the evening.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice if you are unsure.

Pregnancy & breast-feeding

You should avoid becoming pregnant while taking REVOLADE because the effect of REVOLADE on pregnancy is not known.

You should use a reliable method of contraception (a way to prevent you from becoming pregnant).

If you become pregnant during treatment, tell your doctor.

Breast feeding is not recommended while you are taking REVOLADE. It is not known whether REVOLADE passes into breast milk.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine if you are unsure.

How to take REVOLADE

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist. The directions may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

If you do not understand the instructions on the label ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.

When to take it

Take REVOLADE at least 2 hours before or at least 4 hours after antacids, dairy products or some mineral supplements such as iron, calcium, magnesium, aluminium, selenium and zinc.

One way to avoid issues with these products would be to take them in the morning and REVOLADE in the evening.

How much to take

Low platelet count
The usual starting dose for adult and paediatric ITP patients 6 to 17 years of age is one 50 mg REVOLADE tablet a day.

Patients of Asian origin (such as Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese, Korean or Thai) need to start at a lower dose of one 25 mg tablet once a day.

The usual starting dose for paediatric ITP patients 1 to 5 years of age is one 25 mg sachet of REVOLADE powder for oral suspension or one 25 mg REVOLADE tablet a day.

Paediatric ITP patients 1 to 5 years of age of Asian origin need to start at a dose of one 25 mg sachet of REVOLADE powder for oral suspension or one 25 mg REVOLADE tablet every other day.

Hepatitis C virus
The usual starting dose for HCV patients is one 25 mg REVOLADE tablet a day.

Patients of Asian origin (such as Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese, Korean or Thai) will start on the same 25 mg dose once daily.

Severe aplastic anaemia
The usual starting dose for these patients is one 50 mg REVOLADE tablet a day.

Patients of Asian origin (Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese, Korean or Thai) need to start at a lower dose of one 25 mg tablet once a day.

How to take it

TABLETS
Swallow REVOLADE tablets with a glass of water.

POWDER FOR ORAL SUSPENSION*
When administering REVOLADE powder for oral suspension to a child, follow all of the instructions given in the leaflet that is included in the carton.

How long to take it

Keep taking this medicine for as long as your doctor tells you. After you have stopped taking REVOLADE, your bleeding symptoms may come back.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any bleeding in the four (4) weeks after you stop taking REVOLADE.

If you forget to take REVOLADE

Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose. This may increase the chance of you getting an unwanted side effect.

If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

If you take more REVOLADE than you should (Overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (on 13 11 26) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much REVOLADE. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.

Take the pack with you.

While you are taking REVOLADE

Things you must do

Keep all of your doctor’s appointments so that your progress can be checked.

Your doctor will do tests from time to time to make sure the medicine is working and to prevent unwanted side effects. Your doctor will also carry out blood tests to check your liver function before and during treatment with REVOLADE.

At the beginning of therapy, your platelet count and other routine blood parameters will need to be monitored frequently. Based on your response to REVOLADE, your doctor will adapt the dose and may recommend that your daily dose be increased or decreased.

Use a contraceptive to prevent pregnancy during treatment with REVOLADE.

If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.

If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking REVOLADE.

Tell any doctors, dentists, and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.

If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Things to be careful of

  1. Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how REVOLADE affects you.
  2. Liver problems
    REVOLADE may damage your liver and cause serious, even life threatening, illness.
    You must have blood tests to check your liver before you start taking REVOLADE and during treatment.
    When you are given certain antiviral treatments together with REVOLADE for the treatment of thrombocytopenia due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections some liver problems can get worse.
    Your doctor will order these blood tests and any other tests required. In some cases REVOLADE treatment may need to be stopped.
  3. Bleeding after you stop treatment
    When you stop taking REVOLADE, your blood platelet count will drop back down to what it was before you started taking REVOLADE.
    These effects are most likely to happen within 4 weeks after you stop taking REVOLADE.
    The lower platelet counts may increase your risk of bleeding.
    Your doctor will check your platelet counts for at least 4 weeks after you stop taking REVOLADE.
    Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any bruising or bleeding in the 4 weeks after you stop taking REVOLADE.
  4. Problems with bone marrow
    Patients taking this medication may have problems with their bone marrow. REVOLADE could make this problem worse.
    Signs of bone marrow changes may show up as abnormal results in your blood tests. Your doctor may also carry out tests to check your bone marrow during treatment with REVOLADE.
  5. Higher chance for blood clots with higher platelet counts
    You have a higher chance of getting a blood clot if your platelet count is too high during treatment with REVOLADE, but blood clots can occur with normal or even low platelet counts.
    If you have cirrhosis of the liver, you are at risk of a blood clot in a blood vessel that feeds your liver (portal vein thrombosis). You may have severe complications from some forms of blood clots, such as clots that travel to the lungs or that cause heart attacks or strokes.
    Your doctor will check your blood platelet counts, and change your dose or stop REVOLADE if your platelet counts get too high.
    Tell your doctor right away if you have signs and symptoms of a blood clot in the leg, such as swelling or pain/tenderness of one leg.
  6. Phototoxicity
    REVOLADE may cause you to sunburn more easily.
    As a safety precaution, while taking REVOLADE, you should avoid exposure to high-intensity artificial UV light such as tanning beds and being unprotected when in direct sunlight. If you do need to be in the sun, use protective clothing, sun glasses and sunscreen.
  7. Cataracts
    In animal studies, it was found that REVOLADE caused the development of cataracts (a clouding of the lens in the eye).
    In HCV trials in humans, an increased risk in the incidence of cataracts has also been seen. Your doctor may recommend that you are checked for cataracts as part of any routine eye examination.

Things you must not do

Do not give this medicine to anyone else, even if their condition seems to be the same as yours.

Do not stop taking REVOLADE before talking to your doctor or pharmacist. After you have stopped taking REVOLADE, your bleeding symptoms may come back.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, REVOLADE can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Do not be alarmed by these lists of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.

ADULT PATIENTS WITH ITP
The following side effects have been associated with REVOLADE treatment in adult patients with ITP.

Very common side effects
These may affect more than 1 in 10 people treated with REVOLADE:

  • Nausea and diarrhoea.

Common side effects
These may affect up to 1 in 10 people treated with REVOLADE:

  • Increase of liver enzymes
  • Dry mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Unusual hair loss or thinning
  • Rash
  • Back pain
  • Pain that affects muscles and tendons along with bones
  • Sore throat or discomfort when swallowing
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Cataract.

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